According to the most recent issue of the MIT Technology Review, this is the list of the 10 most important emerging technologies:
1. Air Networks(Airbourne networks): an air control system developed from the clouds, like an Internet in the sky, to replace the traditional system and better control routes, safety and aircraft landings. This new technology in the long term could revolutionize air traffic by allowing a greater number of planes to be in the sky without the need to invest in infrastructure and human resources.
2. Quantum cables (Quantum Wires): cables made with carbon nanotubes whose lower weight and greater strength would allow existing towers to support cables with 10 times the capacity of electrical cables made of aluminum and steel used in electrical networks today. According to experts, thanks to the nano-properties of quantum cables, they can carry electrical currents without producing resistance and heat, so they do not require expensive cooling equipment.
3. Photonics with silicone (Silicon Photonics): Optoelectronics. For many years, research has been carried out on how to use silicone to emit light, in order to be able to manufacture microchips that emit light to speed up computer processes in general. After the manufacture last years of the first laser built with silicone by a research team at the University of California, Los Angeles, this possibility is becoming more and more feasible.
4. Metabolomics (Metabolomics): It is the study of the thousands of molecules such as sugars and fats that are a product of metabolism. Scientists intend to use this information to create a new diagnostic tool that allows diagnosing diseases earlier and more accurately than current tools.
5. Magnetic Force Microscope (Magnetic-Resonance Force Microscopy): This technology is a hybrid of magnetic resonance imaging and atomic force microscopes used in nanotechnology. Magnetic force microscopes will provide images of three-dimensional molecules.
6. Universal memory (Universal Memory): A memory system whose cells are composed of carbon nanotubes, which allows enormous improvements in the capacity to store data.
7. Bacteria factories (Bacterial Factories): Biotechnology. Metabolic engineering to analyze and understand cell pathways and create microbes that allows the creation of a large number of chemicals, from drugs to plastics.
8. Enviromatic (Environmatics): A new term to describe the application of new information technologies to the care of the environment and agriculture. Environment + computing.
9. Mobile phone virus (Cell-Phone Viruses): Last year the first virus against cell phones was released. These wireless devices have more and more applications and new viruses could attack secure computer systems through mobile phones, so it is important to find solutions.
10. Biomechatronics (Biomechatronics): Robotics. The new generation of prostheses that integrate robotics with the nervous system, making a prosthesis work with much greater agility and integration than current prostheses.