The digital DNI, officially known as the electronic DNI, will have important implications for administrations and may mean an improvement in citizen services on the Internet.
Electronic Administration Law
The first electronic DNIs for Burgos are used for the Spanish Government to announce the Electronic Administration Law. Through legislation and laws, the government intends to recognize the right of Spaniards to interact with public administrations on the Internet.
By 2008 all Spaniards are expected to have their DNIe. In reality, the digital DNI does not provide more data than those that appear in the current DNI and tries to guarantee the identity of an individual for their telematic relationships with third parties.
Its implementation is expected to promote electronic commerce, in which Spain maintains a significant relative delay compared to other European countries.
Electronic administration, «eGovernment»?
The question is whether the use of the Internet among citizens and the existence of the electronic DNI will lead to the disappearance of the face-to-face bureaucracy and will give the Spanish citizen the opportunity to solve many procedures without going to a public office. This is the challenge of the Minister of Public Administrations, Jordi Sevilla, who intends to help with an advisory council for the development of electronic Administration, which would be made up of “relevant public personalities and experts.
How the DNIe works, steps
1. Citizens go to collect their digital ID where they are provided with the digital ID card and the “pin number”.
2. The user enters his conventional computer connected to the Internet, with a browser (Explorer or any free use such as Firefox), a Windows, Linux or Mac operating system and proceeds to download from the DNIe website: http: // www.dnielectronico.es/; A program, only the first time, which allows understanding between the operating system and the card. If your computer does not have a card reader, you must buy one.
What information does the DNIe contain
The same data that is collected on the physical support of the DNI card. And others certificates according to the Electronic Signature law:
- A certificate serves to "authenticate" (prove our identity to third parties)
- Another certificate to sign electronically in those procedures that are necessary.
- A third certificate of the DNI itself that, becoming a certification authority, "signs" the citizen's certificates.
- A fingerprint pattern,
This DNIe -the physical card- will be renewed every five or ten years, depending on the holder and the digital certificates, every 30 months. The importance of the Pin in the DNIeEach DNIe will be accompanied by a personal pin. The pin is the password that protects the private keys and enables them to be activated in the applications that generate electronic signatures and, therefore, is confidential, personal and non-transferable, delivered in a blind envelope and generated randomly. When the holder of the DNIe wants to carry out a management, he must type the pin. The pages to interact with the DNIe must establish a secure connection channel. This can be seen visually because the beginning of the Internet address is not a http but a https and because a padlock or key icon appears. To change the pin of our DNIe, two cases can be presented. One, that we do not know the current pin (or that the DNI is blocked). In this case, the holder must go to a PAD, where through a fingerprint reader with recognition is positive, the application allows the holder to change the pin of his DNIe. If we know the current pin, we can go to a PAD and change its pin, either indicating its current pin, either by reading its fingerprint, or doing it from any computer that has a cryptographic card reader and Internet connection. How a transaction works on the network with the DNIeWhen an operation begins for a procedure in which it needs to prove identity, the DNI sends its public key to the petitioner. If you need to electronically sign the procedure, the petitioner will send it to you with the citizen's public key in such a way that only the certificate, that of the DNI holder, that has the private key matched to the public one can sign it. The private key never leaves the card. There is another safety precaution. If you need to electronically sign a procedure or document, before doing so, a window will appear that warns of the start of the process and asks for the pin again. The pin cannot be cached (store it on the computer so you don't have to type it again). It must be clear that all this works to ensure identity and the procedure. The DNI does not encrypt the content of the messages. If someone wants to send encrypted documents, they must go to the existing programs. For more information see: Electronic DNI, Related topics: