Air pollution is one of the main environmental threats to children's health
Polluted air contains a large number of chemicals in suspension that are inhaled daily, which affects everyone, but especially children due to theimmaturity of your immune and respiratory systems.
We must not forget that children have a larger lung surface area per kilogram of body weight than adults, and thatbreathe 50% more air per kilogram of body weight than adults and, therefore, a greater amount of pollutants.
How pollution affects children's health
Air pollution can:
- Increase respiratory infections.
- Decrease the pulmonary function.
- Worsens asthma symptoms.
- Increase the sensitivity to allergens.
- Increase themortality risk in highly polluted areas.
- Increase rates atopia.
- Pollutants not only damage children's developing lungs, they can cross the blood-brain barrier and permanently damage their brains Developing.
How to keep children safe from air pollution
To reduce health problems caused by excess air pollution, it is important to check the levels of air pollution in your area. When air pollution levels are very high, avoid outdoor activities.
- If children have to go outside, try to reschedule activities that require more energy in the early hours of the morning, when pollution is less.
- If pollution levels are very high, and it is necessary to go outside, it would be a good idea for children to wear anti pollution masks.
- Tryavoid rush hours, when pollution levels are highest.
In the event that the child has a respiratory condition, such as asthma, it is important to be aware of any changes. The situation should be monitored with your doctor and appropriate precautionary measures taken.
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