Nature

The most incredible phenomena of nature: Geological and others

The most incredible phenomena of nature: Geological and others

Planet earth has great surprises to show and certain spectacles of nature that occur on exceptional occasions. The land is stranger than you have ever imagined.

Our planet has great surprises to show such as landscapes, phenomena, animals and perhaps because of their composition this does not appear anywhere or at any time, but when it is possible that they are captured by the lens of a camera we realize that his existence. These impressive phenomena were made possible by natural elements and show that Mother Nature has a lot to offer.

A circum-horizontal arc or rainbow of fire is an atmospheric optical phenomenon in the form of a halo similar to a rainbow, but differs in that it is shorter, thicker and is not caused by the refraction of light in drops of water, but through of ice crystals in cirrus clouds. It occurs only when the sun is high in the sky at least 58 ° above the horizon and can only occur in the presence of cirrus clouds. Therefore it cannot be observed at latitudes above 55 °, except occasionally from mountains.

2. Frozen methane bubbles

Methane bubbles form in water when dead organic matter falls to the bottom and becomes food for bacteria. When the methane that is released is trapped in frozen water, it produces images like this. Plants and conditions at the bottom of the lake give off methane gas that freezes as it gets closer to the surface, and bubbles build up as the weather is cold. This phenomenon can be observed at Lake Abraham and is found on the Saskatchewan River in Canada.

3. Fairy Circle

The fairy circles in the Marienfluss valley are circular patches of arid land in plant areas, though often surrounded by a spurred growth ring of grass. They usually appear in the arid grasslands of the western part of South Africa. Fairy circles are particularly common in Namibia, but they also occur in parts of Angola and South Africa. They generally occur essentially monospecific herbaceous vegetation, especially in Namibia where conditions are particularly arid. A favored controversial suggestion is that the activity of the sand termite "Psammotermes allocerus" is adapted to create locally favorable ecosystems that improve food and moisture supply. As of 2014, Namibia's fairy circles are still considered "one of nature's greatest mysteries."

4. Basalt Columns

Basalt is a dark colored volcanic igneous rock of mafic composition, rich in magnesium and iron silicates and low in silica, which constitutes one of the most abundant rocks in the earth's crust. It is also found on the surfaces of the Moon and Mars, as well as some meteorites. Basalts usually have a porphyry texture with olivine, augite, plagioclase phenocrysts, and a fine crystalline matrix. Sometimes it can be in the form of glass, called sideromelano, with very few or no crystals. Oceanic islands and continental and insular volcanic arches are other places where basalt can be found.

5. Blooming desert

The flowery desert is a phenomenon that occurs in the Atacama desert in Chile every 3 to 8 years from October to November, the driest on the planet. It consists of the appearance of a great diversity of flowers between the months of September and November thanks to when it rains on the desert. This is related to El Niño, a meteorological event that implies an overheating of the marine currents of the Chilean coast, which generates an increase in rainfall. The phenomenon is unique on the planet and occurs when the rains cause a large number of seeds and bulbs that were in a dormant state to germinate when spring arrives, in addition to the proliferation of birds, insects and species of small lizards.

6. Sea foam

It is formed by the agitation of seawater that contains high concentrations of dissolved organic matter. They can sometimes be dangerous if contaminated, producing a pungent and unpleasant odor. Also known by the German name Meerschaum "sea foam", this fibrous mineral has physical characteristics that make it very suitable for the carving of figures and ornamental objects, an activity that has been carried out with great skill in some of the countries in those that are the most important deposits.

7. Geysers

There really is a place on earth that seems like one of the most wonderful scenes in tales. The geyser is one of the most spectacular rock formations on the planet, although its origin is not completely natural. It is located on the Fly Ranch, Todd Jaksick's private land, and is not open to the public regularly, although it can be seen from the highway through Washoe County.

8. Icebergs

An iceberg or iceberg in English, is a large piece of floating sweet ice detached from a glacier formed by snow or an ice shelf. When detaching from the polar zones, the icebergs are dragged towards more central latitudes of the planet partly helped by the cold marine currents of Arctic origin, which generates that these ice masses are an obstacle in the routes of maritime navigation and also a danger . An iceberg appears to be not very large because only one eighth of its total volume protrudes from the water; in fact, they can reach enormous dimensions. The sinking of the Titanic is the representative example of these dangers, since it is a case known worldwide that hinted at the risk of the fragility of a ship and the terrible consequences that follow.

9. Pink Lake

The Pink Lake known as Lac Retba is located north of the Senegalese peninsula of Cape Verde in the northeast of the African country. The adjective rose comes from the color of its waters, which turn especially pinkish during the dry season. This is due to an alga called Dunaliella salina that makes a red pigment to absorb sunlight. The high level of salinity allows people to float with ease. Around the lake are small extractive salt farms that began in the 70s. The lake is known worldwide for having been the arrival of the Paris Dakar rally.

10. Maelstrom

The Maelstrom is a large whirlpool found on the southern shores of the Norwegian archipelago of the Lofoten Islands, in the province of Nordland. It literally means "shredder stream." It is formed by the conjunction of the strong currents that cross the strait between the islands and the great amplitude of the tides.

11. Pearly clouds

Polar stratospheric clouds, also called pearly or mother-of-pearl clouds, are clouds that are characterized by their colorful pastel tones. They are composed of tiny ice crystals, they form between 15 and 30 kilometers high at temperatures of approximately -50 ° C. Its ice crystals serve as catalysts for the greenhouse gases emitted by aerosols. They are responsible for the loss of ozone in the stratosphere. These clouds form in the stratosphere at very low temperatures, around -78 ° C. Unusual chemical processes within these clouds turn some gases into ozone depleters. These clouds are formed from nitric acid or water.

12. Bioluminescent waves

This wonderful show of neon blue color on the waves is due to the phenomenon known as bioluminescence, it basically consists of the production of light by certain living organisms that convert the chemical energy from the chemical substance Lucifer into light energy. It usually occurs in bacteria, fungi, worms, mollusks, insects, fish or crustaceans among others. This phenomenon is also much more common in marine species, in fact it is estimated that 90% of the living beings that inhabit the middle and abyssal portion of the sea could be capable of producing light in one way or another.

13. Pororoca

The word Pororoca, which means "great roar" and is used to designate a phenomenon that manifests itself as a giant wave that travels almost 500 miles down the Amazon River and can sometimes reach 12 feet in height. With the longest duration in the world, this wave is formed only twice a year from February to March, when the current of the Atlantic Ocean joins the mouth of the Amazon.

It is produced by the action of the tides when the marine waters penetrate the river waters during high tide or flow, which gives rise to a true flood that fills many riparian areas with salt water. This natural phenomenon has been mythologized as a murderer or monster that floods the lowlands of the banks with salt water. Its sound, up to half an hour before arriving, is that of an intense and continuous wave.

14. Catatumbo lightning

Video: Top 10 Bizarrely Beautiful Natural Phenomena (September 2020).