The rise of the city is connected with the history of civilization. They learned to sing, draw, buy and sell and they related under the law.
Lewis Mumford in his idiosyncratic book 'The City in History' (1961), saw the origins of urban life in the formation of towns some 15,000 years ago. He says that "the modern city despite all its steel and glass is still a stone age culture." The old customs were maintained and survived during the development of urban life. However, Mumford says that the transition from an open society to a walled amorphous community meant that new, effective, rigorous, harsh, and sometimes sadistic ways replaced the old, routine ways. '
The monarchy was at the heart of the primitive city, says Mumford, supported by religion sometimes mixed. He also says that it was the cacique hunter and his influence that was the catalyst for turning small communities into walled communities in urban areas.
The origins of the city were in the east not in the west. It is possible to see its origins from 5000 years ago. We know Ur, Ñipar, Uruk, Thebes, Heliopolis, Assur, Nineveh, and Babylon but their origins are shrouded in mystery. All were in a restricted geographical area that depended on the irrigation of wetlands and the control of large rivers.
I will write about the cities of Europe, but the early cities of Mesopotamia, Greece, and Egypt, the customs of their societies, their knowledge, their libraries, their street plans, and their holy sites were all prototypes for today's cities and are from the that we are going to talk about in the next few weeks.