Symptoms of Depression and Dysthymia
The WHO ensures that by 2020 Depression will be the leading cause of disability and death in the world, and it is that currently there are more than a million people who die from this disease.
The two faces of sadness
A depression is characterized by being sad, not wanting to go out or do anything, have low self-esteem and feelings of inferiority.
Dysthymia is a mild, but chronic form of Depression.The symptoms are less intense but last for years. Let's see the symptoms of each of them:
Symptoms of Depression
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), used worldwide by Psychologists and Psychiatrists, Depression is characterized for experiencing 5 or more of the following symptoms in the same 2-week period:
- State depressed mood most of the day, almost every day as indicated by the subject himself (eg, feels sad or empty) or observation made by others (eg, crying)
- Sharp decrease in interest or capacity for pleasure in all or almost all activities, most of the day, almost every day (as reported by the subject himself or observed by others)
- Significant loss of weight no diet or weight gain (eg, more than 5% change in body weight in 1 month), or loss or increase in appetite almost every day. insomnia or hypersomnia almost every day
- Psychomotor agitation or slowing almost every day (observable by others, not just feelings of restlessness or being slowed down)
- Fatigue or loss of energy almost every day
- Feelings of worthlessness or guilt excessive or inappropriate (which can be delusional) almost every day (not simple self-blame or guilt over being sick)
- Decrease in ability to think or concentrating, or indecision, almost every day (either a subjective attribution or an outside observation)
- Recurring thoughts of death, suicidal ideation Recurring without a specific plan or a suicide attempt or a specific plan to commit suicide.
- The symptoms cause clinically significant discomfort or social, work or other important areas of the individual's activity deterioration
- The symptoms are not due to the edirect physiological effects of a substance (eg, a drug, medication) or a general medical condition
- The symptoms are not better explained by the presence of a duel (eg, after the loss of a loved one)
- Symptoms persist for more than 2 months or are characterized by marked functional disability, morbid worries of worthlessness, suicidal ideation, psychotic symptoms, or psychomotor retardation.
Symptoms of Dysthymia
If all criteria for Major Depression are met on an ongoing basis for at least 2 years, we would be talking about a chronic major depressive disorder or a Dysthymia
Symptoms of dysthymia
- A chronically depressed moodor most of the day on most days, manifested by the subject or observed by others, for at least two years
- Presence, at times when you are depressed, of two or more of the following symptoms:loss or increase in appetite, insomnia or hypersomnia, lack of energy or fatigue, low self-esteem, difficulties concentrating or making decisions and / or feelings of hopelessness
- During the 2-year period of the alteration the subject has not been without symptoms of the above criteria for more than 2 months
- There has been no major depressive episode during the first 2 years of the alteration.
- The symptoms are not due to the physiological effects of a substance (for example a drug) or a medical illness
- The symptoms cause clinically significant discomfort or social, work or other important areas of the individual's activity deterioration.
IMPORTANT: If you think that you have a problem, that you cannot solve by yourself, do not hesitate to go to a Psychologist. You can access it through the Social Security Family Doctor, who will refer you to the specialist and will attend you for free.
It may interest you:
- This is what no one told you about having Depression and Anxiety
- 5 Natural Ways to Prevent Depression
- 9 Keys to Help a Person with Depression