The existence of multiple molecular nanotechnology programs exacerbates some of the nanotechnology risks cited in this section because competing programs pose a threat to the control of the nanotechnology. Any nanotechnology program presents an opportunity for the technology to be stolen or legal constraints removed.
Each country with a separate nanotechnology program has the potential to be an individual player in a nanotechnology arms race.
A lesser possibility to impose controls could make it more difficult to impose and monitor legal controls, but this in turn could lead to greater efforts to impose even more stringent controls.
Less strict control also makes balanced development of an economy more feasible.