Information

Palencia guide

Palencia guide

What to see and visit in the Province of Palencia?

Palencia It is part of the Autonomous Community of Castilla-León. It is located to the west of its community and in the north center of the Iberian Peninsula. It limits to the north with the province of Cantabria, to the west with León, with Valladolidal south and with Burgos to the east.

The province of Palencia It is bathed by the Carrión and Pisuerga rivers.

The province of Palencia It has an area of ​​8,052km² and a total population of 180,000 inhabitants.

The province of Palencia consists of 4 regions: Cerrato Palentino, Montaña Palentina, PáramosValles, Tierra de Campos.

Its capital is Palencia: see Guide of Palencia capital.

Note the Canalde Castilla, which was built in order to make it navigable and to bring all its grain production to northern Spain for commercialization, specifically to Reinosa (Cantabria). Three branches were created to connect Valladolid and Medina de Rioseco with Ala del Rey. This engineering work was carried out in the 18th century by order of King Ferdinand VII. The works began in 1753 under the direction of Carlos Lemoury Antonio Ulloa. It runs through part of the provinces of Burgos, Palencia and Valladolid. It has a distance of 207 km. Unfortunately, the arrival of the railway would cloud the success of such work.

The road to Santiago

The road to Santiago It passes through the province of Palencia, crossing it from east to west, right in the center. It has a route of approximately 70 km, which crosses the Tierra de Campos and La Cueza regions.

It arrives from the province of Burgos, crosses Palencia and continues through the province of León. It is a very pleasant tour, with welcoming people, beautiful landscapes and some very interesting monuments. The Fuentefitero Bridge in Burgos is on the border with the province of Palencia.

The road to Santiago It leads the pilgrims through various Palencia towns: Itero de la Vega, Boadillade Campos, Támara de Campos, Santoyo, Frómista, Poblacion de Campos, Revenga de Campos, Villovico, Villarmentero de Campos, Villálcazarde Sirga, Carrión de los Condes, Calzada de los Molinos, Cerratos de la Cueza, Quintanillade la Cueza, Bustillo del Páramo, Ledigos, Terradillos de Templarios, Moratinos, San Nicolás del Real Camino and enters the province of León through Sahagún.

Romanesque Route

There are samples of Romanesque art throughout the province. An itinerary could be elaborated, to visit the most important examples of Romanesque, in each one of the Palencia counties. The Pisuerga basin is full of Romanesque monuments: in Perazancas, the Church of the Assumption, from the 12th century, the Church of San Pelayo, from the 11th century, declared a historical-artistic monument in 1931, and that of Santa Eufemia de Cozuelos, among others.

Comarcas of the province of Palencia

Comarca de la MontañaPalentina: It is part of the Cantabrian Mountains. There are places of great beauty, where nature lovers can go on excursions, go climbing or camp. In them there are high peaks of more than 2,500 meters where you can practice climbing and visit wonderful landscapes, full of vegetation, lakes, caves ... It is a region of high mountains, caves, glacial lakes and towering peaks. Peaks such as: Curavacas, PeñaPrieta, Tres Provincias , Espigüeteo Peña Labra ... Glacial lakes such as: Laguna de Fuentes Carrionas, source of the Carrión River, Las Lomas, Lake Curavacas, Pozo Oscuro, Pozos del Ves ... All of them encompass the entire region, in which the Natural Parks network has listed as Fuentes Carrionas and Fuentelcobre Natural Park.
There are a large number of caves, which are the delight of climbers and spelunkers, such as: The sinkhole of Sely the Cueva del Cobre, source of the Pisuerga river in Santa María de Redondo; the Cuevade Tino, in Canyon Horadada; the Cova Nostra in Velilla of the Carrión river, the Cova del Anillo, located in the Espigüete peak; the Arroyo Mazobres Waterfall at Pico Espigüete

Covers municipalities From: Aguilarde Campoo, Cardaño de Arriba, Collado del Ves, Pozo Curavacas, Curruqilla, Pico del Vallejo, Vidrieros, Ano de Calderón, Agujas de Fuentes-Carrionas, FuentesCarrionas, Agujas de Cardado, Cervera del Pisuerga, Velillasde las Fuentes Carrionas, Brañosera , San Salvador de Cantanuda, Polentinos, Barruelos de Santullán, Triollo, Mudá, Dehesa de Montejo, Santibáñez de la Peña, Guardo.

Region of Tierra de Campos: Arid and flat region, typical for its dovecotes.This region is famous for the production of high quality artisan products such as: cheeses, sausages, skins, sweets, ...
In their lands we find beautiful lagoons, where we can enjoy a very attractive landscape, as is the case of: Boada de Camposo Fuentes de Nava.

Covers municipalities from: Palencia, Fuente de Nava, Abarca, Villarramiel, Boada, Belmonte, Villerías, Ampurdia, Torremormojón, Villamartín, Autilla del Pino, Becerril de Campos, Paredesde Nava.

In it is the Valley of the Retortillo: has an area of ​​62.98Ha. It is formed by the localities of: Abastas, Abastillas, Añoza, Villatoquite and Villalumbroso. A Roman Way crossed its lands. Traces of life have been found in prehistory and proof of them are the archaeological sites of the Paleolithic in the terms The Casajar and Quintanillas, as well as remains of the Late Bronze Age and Terra Sigillata. There are also remains of what was a Roman villa in Añoza, with remains from the Middle Bronze Age.

Cerrato Palentino region: it is formed by the southern and northern Cerrato area. It is located in the southwest of the province and has an area of ​​1,700 km2. Its roughest and most undulating terrain in the province of Palencia, with silver-gray slopes, hills, moors, valleys, slopes, hills, hills and ravines. In it is located the Valle del Cerrato. Fertile valleys located on the slopes of mountains, where crops and agriculture are very important.

Its climate is Mediterranean, and it is bathed by the Pisuerga, Carrión, Esgueva and Arlanza rivers. High quality horticultural products and cereal crops are obtained from this region.

Covers municipalities from: Astudillo, Torquemada, Villaviudas, Reinoso, Magaz, Soto, Baños, Tariego, Dueñas, Palenzuela, Quintanadel Puente, Castrillo de Don Juan.

Cerrato Valley: It is located in the Cerrato sur area. It has an area of ​​38.96 Ha. It is part of the Cerrato Palentino region. Its origins are in the Celtiberians, the Romans and the Visigoths. In the 9th century, King Alfonso III the Great, reconquered and repopulated it. He created several hermitages and walled the valley, which remained that way until the 15th century. It currently has only 107 inhabitants.

  • Our Lady of the Assumption Parish Church: It was built in the 18th century in Gothic style, on the remains of a Temporomanic church, since its façade is Romanesque. Its baroque altarpieces from the 17th and 18th centuries and its Baroque organ stand out.

Region of PáramosValles: it borders the Cantabrian Mountains to the north and is located between the regions of Montaña Palentina to the north and Tierra deCampos to the south. Is composed of 4 municipalities: Saldaña, Valdavia, Boedo and Ojeda.


Saldana encompasses the towns of:Bustillo de la Vega, Bustillo del Páramo, Fresnodel Río, Lagartos, Ledigos, Loma de Ucieza, Mantinos, Nogalde las Huertas, Pedrosa de laVega, Pino del Río, Pozade la Vega, Quintanilla de Onsoña, Renedo de la Vega, Saldaña. de Villaires, Santervásde la Vega, La Serna, Villalbade Guardo, Villaluenga de la Vega, Villamoronta, Villarrabé, Villaturde, Villota del Páramo.

Valdavia It covers the towns of: Ayuela, Bárcenade Campos, Buenavista de Valdavia, Castrillo de VillaVega, Congostode Valdavia, Dehesa de Tablares, La Puebla de Valdavia, Tabanerade Valdavia, Valderrabano
Caserío de Mazuelas, Villabasta, Villaeles de Valdavia, Villanuñode Valdavia, Villasila de Valdavia.

Boedo It covers the towns of: Báscones de Ojeda, Calahorra de Boedo, Collazos de Boedo, Herrera dePisuerga, Olea de Boedo, Páramode Boedo, Revilla de Collazos, San Cristóbal de Boedo, Santa Cruz de Boedo, Sotobañadoy Priorato, Villameriel, Villaprovedo.

Ojeda It covers the towns of: Dehesa de Romanos, La Vid de Ojeda, Micieces de Ojeda, Olmos de Ojeda, Payo de Ojeda, Prádanos de Ojeda.

Towns and Cities of the province of Palencia

Becerril de los Campos: it is located in the Tierra de Campos region. A town of important historical significance, it preserves the Puerta de la Muralla (the wall was demolished). It is located in the Tierrade Campos region. At the entrance of the town is the Humilladero (fountain for flocks of sheep) dating from the 18th century.

Becerril delos Campos Museum (Plaza de Santa María, Tel .: 979-8333 68): it is the most important in the Community. The Museum has been designed by the architect Pablo Puente Aparicio, designer of "The Ages of Men". It is located in the Church of Santa María, which has an area of ​​1,280 m2. The works are distributed throughout the church: painting, goldsmithing, altarpieces and sculptures. Highlights: the altarpiece of Santa María, made up of 13 panels painted by Berruguete.

Parish Church of Santa Eugenia: its construction began by RodrigoGil de Hontañón in 1536 and was finished in the 17th century. Declares Monument of Cultural Interest.

Church of Santa Maria: declared Monument of Cultural Interest. It is beautiful. Sacred Holy Museum, with works by Berruguete.

Hermitage of Cristo de San Felices: located between this town of Monzonde Campos.

Aguilar de Campoo: It is located in the region of Montaña Palentina. It has about 7,700 inhabitants. Walled city with a beautiful old town, it was declared a Historic-Artistic Site in 1966. Its Jewish quarter and its synagogue, the castle and the gates of the wall. Its Plaza Mayor is the nerve center, with its palaces and large houses.

  • Castle: of medieval origin and Romanesque style. It was built on the remains of a Iberian castro. It is located at the top of a hill at 970 meters. Tall.
  • Monastery of Sta.Mª La Real (Avda.Cervera): declared a Historic Artistic Monument in 1914. It is Romanesque from the 11th century. It is currently the headquarters of a Baccalaureate Institute and headquarters of the Fundación Santa María la Real. In 1978 he received the EuropaNostra Award.
  • Collegiate Church of San Miguel: first church and in 1541 received the rank of Colegiata. It is from the 11th century in Romanesque style, with Gothic elements.
  • Chapel of Santa Cecilia: 12th century Romanesque. It was declared a Historic Artistic Monument in 1963.
  • Church of San Andrés
  • Santa Clara Monastery
  • 6 bridges: Puente Mayor, Puente delPortazgo, Puente del MolinoTurruntero, Lateja Bridge, Bridges of the Paseo de la Cascajera, Puente de lasTenerias.

Saldana: It is located in the PáramosValles region, in an agricultural and livestock region: La Vega-Valdavia, on the right and left banks of the Carrión River. It has an Old Square, declared a historical-artistic complex, which is rectangular and arcaded. Its origins date from the Iron Age , then they were occupied by the Romans, who left their mark. They are typical of Saldaña: ​​the beans, the wood carvings, the bells ...

  • Museum of Santa María de Becerril de Campos (Tel: 979- 83 40 88).
  • Monographic Museum of the Villa de la Olmeda (Pza. De San Pedro, s / n. 34100, Tel .: 979-75 03 08). It is located in the municipality of Pedrosa de la Vega. They are the remains of a Roman villa from the 4th century. Its main building and the remains of a huge necropolis have been preserved.
  • San Miguel's Church: It was built before the 15th century, but it is known that in the 15th century it was restored in Gothic style. Highlights: Plateresque altarpiece from the 15th century, with valuable Gothic-Flemish carvings attributed to Gil de Siloé, a Plateresque altarpiece from the 16th century and a Crucifix from that same century.

Villarramiel: you are located in the Tierrade Campos region. It is known for its production of jerky and sausage. It is also known for leather tanning.

  • Church of the Assumption: It is in the Renaissance style. Its façade and its baroque and rococo altarpieces stand out.

Carrión de los Condes: it is located in the Tierra de Campos region. It is part of the Camino de Santiago. It is a beautiful town. It has several palaces.

  • Monastery and Museum of the Convent of Santa Clara (C / Santa Clara, s / n. 34120, Tel .: 979- 88 01 34: founded in 1255 by the Queen of Portugal, in the Romanesque style. It houses works of great value such as: Mudejar coffered ceilings, a 15th century Flemish carving, a Christ of Filipino ivory, cantor ...
  • Santa María del Camino Church: Romanesque from the 11th century.
  • SanZoilo Monastery: 1st was the Mozarabic and since 1077 the Benedictines. Its facade is Romanesque from the 11th century. Its plateresque cloister designed by Juan de Badajoz stands out.
  • Hermitage of the Virgen de Piedad, Hermitage of the Cross, Hermitage of San Juan de Cestillos
  • Church and Museum of Santiago: 12th century Romanesque style, built by Maestro Frunchel. Its façade stands out, depicting the Apocalypse of Saint John the Evangelist.

Cervatos de la Cueza: it is located in the Tierra de Campos region. It is part of the Camino de Santiago.

  • San Martin House Museum (C / Juan de San Martín, s / n. 34308, Tel .: 979-8830 80): he was the liberator of the Argentine Republic. It is a traditional farmhouse in the land of fields. The house is preserved just as said character had it.
  • Nava walls: it is located in the region of Tierra de Campos.
  • Parish Museum of Paredes de Nava (Pza.de España, s / n. 34300, Tel .: 979- 83 04 69)
  • Parish Museum of Santa Eulalia (Pza.de España, s / n. 34300, Tel .: 979- 84 44 94)

Pineapple from Campos: it is located in the Tierra de Campos region

  • Parish Museum (Church of San Miguel. 34430, Tel .: 979-81 04 65): the current church was built in the 14th century, on the ruins of an earlier Romanesque style. Latorre is from the primitive Christian Church. It exhibits numerous works of art of various styles.

Ampudia: you are located in the Tierrade Campos region. Urban Complex was declared a Historic-Artistic Site.

  • Fontaneda Collection (Tel .: (979) 76 8023).
  • Castle of Ampudia: it was built in the 15th century. It is in good condition. It houses an archaeological and ethnographic collection from the Duero basin. Some carvings from the 13th-15th century stand out.
  • Collegiate Church of San Miguel: built in the 16th century. A Renaissance altarpiece from the school of Felipe de Vigarny stands out.

Belmonte del Campo: you are located in the Tierrade Campos region.

  • Belmonte CastleJuan Manuel de Villena ordered it to be built in the 15th century, but only the tribute tower remains standing and then passed into the hands of the Marquis of Belmonte. The work was carried out by Juan de Badajoz.
  • St. Peter's Church: built in the 18th century.

Torremormojón: It is located in the Tierrade Campos region.

  • Castle: imposing located on a hill. It is in very good condition.
  • Church of Santa Maríadel Castillo: Roman-ogival style. They include: the tower, a platerescoding altarpiece from the Valmase school and a triptych made by Juan de Flandes.

Nava walls: It is located in the Tierrade Campos region.

  • Church and Museum of Sta Eulalia: built in the 11th to 16th centuries, in a Romanesque style. the museum, with works by: the Berruguete brothers, Gil de Siloé, Gregorio Fernández, Esteban de Jordán, Pedro de la Cuadra, Juan deJuni, Juan de Valmaseda, Rodrigode León, Pedro Berruguete, Juan de Flandes, Palanquinos and Villamediana.
  • Parish Museum of Paredes de Nava (Pza.de España, s / n. 34300, Tel .: 979- 83 04 69)

It covers: municipality awarded in 1996 with the EuropaNostra award. It is located in the region of Tierra de Campos.One of the branches of the English Channel passes through this town

  • Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art: it is located on the banks of the English Channel. It is located in an old flour factory from the 19th century.
  • Church of san sebastianHighlights: its Mudejar tower, its carvings and altarpieces from the 13th, 15th and 16th centuries highlight a Calvary with Juni influences and a carving of the Virgin dating from the 16th century. Rebuilt in the 18th century. Declared a Historic-Artistic Monument since 1992. We must also highlight its Iberian organ from the 18th century.
  • Lane: It is a bell tower with 16 bells built by Francis Chapeleten 1999. It is the largest in the Community.
  • Palace of the Osorio: Mudejar style from the 16th century. It has been restored by the City Council and has been declared an Asset of Cultural Interest.

Cervera del Pisuerga: belongs to the region of Montaña Palentina. It is surrounded by the Requejada reservoir, the Cervera reservoir and the Aguilar reservoir. Its old town was declared a Historic-Artistic Complex since 1983. Its streets, its Plaza Mayor, its large houses such as: Casa de los Leones, the Casa del CondeSiruela and the Casa-Palacio de Gutiérrezde Shit, they have a special charm, it's at the foot of the Fuentes Carrionas National Reserve.

  • Church of Santa Maríadel Castillo: of flowery Gothic style and dedicated to Santa María del Castillo, it is located on a rock. It was built in 1470-1480. The 2 altarpieces stand out: the main one and the one from the main chapel.
  • Route of the Swamps: Cazay Fishing Regional Reserve "Fuentes Carrionas"The Parador Nacional de Fuentes Carrionas, Pantano de Ruesga, Fuente Deshondonada (source of the Rivera River), Triollo, Vidrieros, Pico Curavacas at 2,520 meters of altitude, and with the fork to Pineda by the Roman bridge Tebro, Camporredondo reservoir, and Compuer-to reservoir . Through Ruesga and San Martín de losherreros, you can reach the Tosande Valley and its Tejos Forest.
    Guardo: belongs to the Páramo Valles region.
  • Fuentes Carrionas Park.It has wide walks and an artificial lake.
  • Archaeological ZoneEl Castillo. Ancient burials and remains of the old castle and wall have been found there.
  • Big house: Baroque-style palace built by the architect Ventura Rodríguez. Only the façade remains. Historic-Artistic Monument.

Velilla del Rio Carrión: belongs to the region of MontañasPalentinas. It has 1,600 inhabitants and is located in Velilla Protected Natural Space, declared by the Junta de Castillay León and is part of the Natural Parks network. It is also in the Cardaño Valley.

  • Natural Area of ​​Velilla del Río Carrión: possibility of excursions, hiking, mountaineering, ski touring, caving, mountain biking.
  • Peña Lampa: rock from which the Lampay beech forest is seen offers a spectacular view of all its surroundings, the Espiguete peak and Arbillos.
  • Lake of Las Lomas:declared Wet area by the Junta de Castilla y León within the Network of Natural Spaces. It is located in the Cardaño Valley.
  • Cardaño from Above: in this population is the Muricade peak 2,341 mts.
  • Cardaño from Below: In this town is the Espigüete peak of 2,500 meters.
  • La Reana: rectangular thermal pond, from the time of the Romans. At the head of the Reana, half of a Roman reana is preserved.
  • Hermitage of San Juan and Hermitage of Areños.

Torquemada: It has about 1,100 inhabitants. It is located in the Cerrato region and is bathed by the Pisuerga river.

  • Hermitage of Santa Cruz: Romanesque style and renovated in the 18th century.
  • SantaEulalia Parish: built in the 16th century and expanded in the 18th. It is late-Gothic in style, but its Renaissance façade stands out. It has beautiful baroque and neoclassical altarpieces.
  • Wineries: typical of the region for its old-time winemaking tradition.
  • Windmill on the banks of the typical Pisuerga of the region. It is from the 18th century.

Owners: declared a Historic-Artistic Complex. It is located in the Comarca del Cerrato.

  • Palace of the Buendía: which in the CV century welcomed the Catholic Monarchs.
  • Monastery of La Trapao de San Isidro de Dueñas: located on the road that leads to Venta de Baños. It was built during the Middle Ages and highlights its Romanesque church from the 11th century.
  • Basilica of San Juan de Baños: It was declared a Historic-Artistic Monument. It is located in Baños de Cerrato.

Astudillo: you are located in the Cerrato region.

  • Castle of La Mota: declared a Historic-Artistic Monument.
  • Royal Convent of SantaClara: built in the 15th century.
  • Palace of Pedro I: his Mudejar style

Palentina gastronomy

The horticulture of the land is of excellent quality. In the Ojeda Valley, they grow very good potatoes. Also land of trout, mushrooms, game (especially partridges), snails. The most typical dishes of the province of Palencia They are: the Legume Stew, the Castilian Soup, the Palentina Stew, the Pisto, the Castilian-style Snails, the Roasted Lamb, the Chichurro Soups, the Bobas Soups, the stewed pickled partridges, Potatoes with cod, Potatoes with Tripe, Stewed crabs , legumes with thick broth or garlic soups, Stewed or roasted meats,

The Morenas Soups, loaves of bread, Cecinas and blood sausages, are typical of Tierra deCampos.

The crabs are typical of Herrera de Pisuerga, where the International River Crab Festival of Herrera is held every year.

Typical desserts are: the Almond Cake, the Buñuelos, the Chicharrones Cake, the Fried Milk, the cheeses (semi-cured, old, from fields), Hojuelas (typical of Carnival), the Pelusas, the Donuts on the stick, the Magdalenas, the Buñuelos, Santo's Bones filled with cream or chocolate, Ice Tocinillos, Puff pastry, Mantecadas, Forest Fruit Jellies, Apple Omelette, Frisuelos, Honey Omelette, Cookies, Donuts of Lords.

Restaurants in the province of Palencia

  • Rest. The Oak (c / LuisGonzález Alonso, Tel. 979 140 260, in Herrera de Pisuerga): traditional cuisine, pleasant space.
  • Rest. Cortes Poza (El Puente, 39, Tel .: 979 123 055, in Aguilar de Campoo): very good traditional home cooking.
  • Rest Star of Bajo Carrión (Ctra. Palencia a Riaño, in Villoldo, 12 km from Carriónde los Condes, Tel .: 979 827 005): good modern cuisine.
  • Rest. Peñalabra (Gral. Mola, 27, Tel .: 979 870800, in Cervera de Pisuerga): good traditional cuisine.
  • Rest. The mill (Ctra. Villaluenga, Km1'5, in San Martín del Obispo, Tel .: 979 890 574): located in a mill, traditional cuisine.
It may interest you:
  • Visit to Palencia
  • Hotels in Palencia
  • Palencia festivals
  • Houses for sale in Palencia

Video: What if EVERY Culture Became A Country? EU4 (September 2020).